Volume 01, Issue 01

December 2020 

About the Journal
Founded and launched in 2020 by Buddhist Missionary and curator Thich Giac Chinh, Journal of the U.S. Sangha for Buddhist Studies: Journal of Buddhist Studies has served as an important voice in the media Buddhism. In addition to in-depth feature articles, the journal publishes book and exhibition reviews, cultural studies, and related fields of Buddhism as well as conference and festival reports.

ISSN 2692-7357

eISSN 2692-739X


Volume 01, Issue 01


Based on the philosophy of Buddhism, The Journal of Buddhist Studies has devoted itself to publishing "the good writers and the elite research of Buddhism".

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JBS Front 01012020

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Journal of Buddhist Studies (issn 2692-7357, electronic issn 2692-739X) is the academic study of Buddhism. Is a Journal of the U.S. Sangha for Buddhist Studies. The Journal of Buddhist Studies is published bimonthly two times a year by the Dharma Mountain Publishing & Sakyamuni Buddhist Sangha of the U.S.

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Contents of JBS | View Article | PDF

In regard to the matter of directing the citta, we should be noticed that the citta can adapt itself to both the opposite tendencies: calm vs passionate, peaceful vs angry, and alert vs dull; any of the latter is undesirable and should be ruled out.

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Welcome to the  The Journal of Buddhist Studies, a is one of the academic study of Buddhism, a culture of Buddhist gazette brought to you by the editors of The Journal of Buddhist Studies.

Based on the philosophy of Buddhism, The Journal of Buddhist Studies has devoted itself to publishing "the good writers and the elite research of Buddhism". Scholars of Buddhist studies focus on the history, culture, archaeology, arts, philology, anthropology, sociology, theology, philosophy, practices, interreligious comparative studies and other subjects related to Buddhism.

Applied research in Buddhist studies is a school of social science research. It is a harmonious combination of philosophical reasoning and applied of practice to bring awareness and deep understanding, effectively bringing knowledge to the applicators.

Academic publishing, culture and religion publishing, social science research and Buddhist education is a useful contribution to applied social sciences research. In that large area, there are great opportunities for application to create action plans and applications in an era of globalization and provide good opportunities for the community and for the nation.

As a form of professional practice, Buddhist studies would reintegrate our evidence bases with current social issues while encouraging better integration of knowledge within communities, organizations and policy. This applies to both traditional articles and the other formats (research notes, essays, etc.) which the journal will provide space for. Such work would also involve greater interrogation of the normative and ethical assumptions of practice rather than taking such matters for granted. The essays presented here represent a fraction of what remains to be learned about of Buddhism. These and other worthwhile topics still await their scholars.


Thich Giac Chinh, Buddhist Missionary


THE MIND IN EARLY BUDDHISM: Citta Conceived Through Its Ordinary States

by Thich Minh Thanh Ph.D.

01/06 of JBS | View Article | PDF

This chapter and the next one will explore for their data into the Sutta Piṭaka as surveyed in the previous chapter. They are an attempt at depicting the concept of citta through the systematic presentation of the variant cittas that are used in combination with the respective distinct groups of modifying elements. The presentation would make it apparent that the core of the concept of citta as depicted in the Sutta Piṭaka however does not differ basically. When put into the textual circumstances it is subject to variation and suggestive of new shades of meaning. Therefore, examination of the concept of citta in isolation anyhow is impracticable.

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Three Intertwined Paths to Leading for Sustainable Peace

by Phe Bach, Ed.D., & W. Edward Bureau, Ph.D.

02/29 of JBS | View Article | PDF

Sustainable peace anchors itself in mindfulness of the present, the people, and the microcosms in which we exist. Rather than existing as a static state, the peace is organic and dynamic, flowing itself around the vagaries of “unpeacefulness.” Thus, being a mindful leader begins with the practice of Noble Eightfold Path and finding peace within oneself and continues by manifesting that peace every day. Doing so is the seed from which systems and circumstances can, themselves, perpetuate peace.

Thinking about how mindful leadership can sustain peace, we must consider how mindfulness can be cultivated within the individual and how he or she can sustain mindfulness everyday despite external challenges. Integrating the practice of mindfulness with an understanding of “systems thinking” opens paths for sustaining peace within and across organizations, governments, and political structures. Yet, leaders, teachers and others must also embrace “the continual flow” and know that a seeming.....

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The Concept of Karma and Rebirth

by Thich Minh Dieu, Ph.D., Buddhist Missionary

03/49 of JBS |  View Article | PDF

This chapter comprises of the sources on Brahmaṇical System. Here specific reference will be made two early Upaniṣads, namely, the Bṛhadāraṇyaka and Chāndogya Upaniṣad in order to apprehend the doctrine of karma and rebirth which is very clearly mentioned in these sources. To keep on this direction, on the account of the Buddha’s discourse, the theories of action held by his predecessors and contemporaries will be presented.

The doctrine of karma represents moral responsibility from different points of view, of course Brahmaṇical doctrines where mostly interested in permanent and eternal reality. In that respect, ātman and Brahman where approved of the research. Psycho-physical personality came into the picture as secondary proof. Consequently, the problem of individual human responsibilities did not come out as an important philosophical issue.

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DASAPĀRAMITĀ: A Buddhist Way for Universal Compassion and Benefit for global well-being

by Bhikkhuni TN. Thanh Nha - Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong,

Research Scholar at Gautam Buddha University

04/77 of JBS View Article | PDF

Buddhist teachings offer abundant guidelines for how people should communicate, or what standards and rules should guide people’s conduct. Buddhism strongly upholds ethical concepts of tolerance, non-violence, respect for the individual, love of animals and nature, and a belief in the fundamental spiritual equality of all human beings. Among the Buddha’s Dhamma, Pāramī or Pāramitā is a specific way of benefitting other beings. It can be seen that Dasapāramitā or ten Pāramī is the Buddhist way for universal compassion and global well-being.

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Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent:
Reflections in History and Archaeology

by Dr. Pallavi Prasad

05/89 of JBS | View Article | PDF

The sixth century BCE was a remarkable period in Indian history when the field of philosophical inquiries was bubbling with intense activity. Apart from significant developments in the political, social and economic spheres, it marked the beginning of early historical period in north India and witnessed the process of state formation and urbanisation in the Ganga valley. According to Buddhist sources as many as 62 new religious sects and according to Jain texts 363 sects emerged in north India in the sixth century BCE. Of all the searching souls and religious preachers of this time, Gautam Buddha was exceptionally influential, with the most popular social base.

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Buddhist Tantra: Visualisation Practices and Feminine Imagery

by Dr. Pranshu Samdarshi

06/103 of JBS | View Article | PDF

Though in religions such as Buddhism, because of its non-theological framework, the presence of any supreme creator god or goddess is denied, however, the existence of divinities is well acknowledged within the religious structure of Buddhism. On the ontological level, the existence of divinities is posited by the texts of Sutra as well as Tantra system of Buddhism. The higher versions of non-dual tantra posit these divinities to have a non-intrinsic nature. In Hevajra-tantra, the sentient beings and the Buddha are said to be essentially one. This essential of non-duality has continuing importance in the meditative visualization and ritualistic practices of tantra.

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Role of Tibetan Translation of Buddhist Scriptures and Treatises: An Informative Study

by Sanjib Kumar Das, Prof. Ph.D.

07/131 of JBS | View Article | PDF

We all know that after the Buddha’s parinirvāṇa, His teachings were formulated and transmitted through oral tradition, and it was written down in several versions in the 2nd and 1st century B.C. The entire corpus of Buddhist writings was translated into Chinese over a period of a thousand years, beginning in the 1st century C.E. This was a collaborative effort by Chinese monks in particular.

On the other hand, the His teachings were brought to Tibet in original since the introduction of Buddhism by the Indian Buddhist missionaries. The Tibetans have paid and still pay high regard to those teachings by preserving them in Tibetan translation and by codifying them as the sacred texts of the Indian. From the seventh century onwards, during the reign of the Tibetan king Thrisrong Deutsan, the original teachings began to be translated into Tibetan under the royal patronage. The work was done over a long period at the Translation Department...

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Lacquered Thiền: A New Face of Thiền Manifested through Sinic-Vietnamese Contact as a “Cocktail Thiền” of Vietnamese Buddhism

by Ven. Thich Chan Phap Tu – Don Thuong Trieu, M.A.

08/139 of JBS | View Article | PDF

The aim of this research paper is to re-investigate the foundation of Thiền Trúc Lâm School of Vietnamese Buddhism, and thus its philosophical and cultural significance as representing Vietnam “pure” Buddhism. This Thiền School is considered to be the “first serious effort to establish a Zen school in medieval Vietnam.” The Thiền Trúc Lâm School became a national symbol of Vietnamese independence as a response to Vietnamese de-Sinicization efforts. Amongst Vietnamese Buddhist scholars, there are two opposite attitudes regarding this Zen school. The first attitude is that most Vietnamese Buddhist scholars [inside Vietnam] regard this Zen school as a “pure Vietnamese” Zen school.  

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Vietnamese Zen Master Quang Nghiem:
The thought of Ke Thi Tich  (偈示寂/The last message)

Ven. Le Chi Luc, Ph.D. Research Scholar at Acharya Nagarjuna University

09/184 of JBS | View Article | PDF

Zen Master Quang-Nghiem was born in North of Vietnam, he is the 11th generation transmission of the Vo Ngon Thong Chan' lineage / 無言 通 禪師 (759-862) who was known as disciple of Zen Master named Bach-Truong Hoai-Hai (百丈 懷 海). According to the book know as Eminent Monks of the Thien Community (Thien-Uyen-Tap-Anh/ 禪苑集英), a collection of biographies of famous monks in the Vietnamese meditation school, Zen master Quang-Nghiem before his death had gathered his disciples to teach and say the last verse:

離 寂 方言 寂滅 去 ,

生 無 生 後 說 無 生。

男兒 自有 衝天 志 ,

休 向 如 來 行 處 行。

“Only when you escape from death that you can discuss the nature of death,

Only when you are born into the land of no birth that you can talk of birthlessness.

A young man has to have the ambition to shatter heaven,

Don’t bother treading the well-worn path of Tathagata.”

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How Does Thich Nhat Hanh Reinterpret the Four Noble Truths?

by Ven. Quang Le, M.A. student at Berkeley, California

10/197 of JBS | View Article | PDF

In this work I present the definition of the Four Noble Truths, explained by the Buddha. Then I argue that Thich Nhat Hanh critically inherits this teaching while reinterpreting the Four Noble Truths in a positive, balanced, updated, and extensive way. Also, when describing the four characteristics interpreted by him, I include some similar and different opinions from Rupert Gethin, Kate Crosby, and Ajahn Brahm. I also write about how Thich Nhat Hanh, then Dalai Lama, describes Dharma Seals whose suffering is debatable. Further research showed that in 2013 Thich Nhat Hanh states that a teaching is not Buddhism, even though it includes the name of the Four Noble Truths, if it is not relevant to the circumstance (the context that human lives). It is very necessary, according Thich Nhat Hanh, that the tradition must be relevant to the abilities of learners. Even though they are the Four Noble Truths or the Eightfold Path, they are not Buddhism because the learners do not understand to put them into practice. Researchers could use this interpretation from him as a reference to analyze when does a teaching of the Four Noble Truths belong to Buddhism, when does not? Other promising future research topics include how Thich Nhat Hanh reinterprets the Dependent Origination, how Thich Nhat Hanh reinterprets Nirvana, or how Thich Nhat Hanh reinterprets Christianity.

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Meditation nourishes: Strengthen the immune system to train the mind to
lead to mental and physical balance

by Thich Giac Chinh, M.A., Buddhist Missionary

11/210 of JBS | View Article | PDF

Buddhist meditation is a practice with the application of meditation practice in Buddhism. Buddhist meditation is perceived in terms of Philology or Literature as the descriptive concept of "state of mental development or mental development"; is a practical discipline "to train the mind to lead to mental and physical balance" and "the calm and clear state and luminous mind".

During the First Buddhist Council, thirty years after the parinibbana of Sakyamuni Gautama Buddha and the Fourth Buddhist Council in 29 BCE, we had the opportunity to refer to the etymology of the word dhyāna (Sanskrit)/jhāna (Pāḷi) and bhāvanā is shown in the Tripitaka. It's very clear, that dhyāna/jhāna is a concept to perceive "to train the mind to lead to mental and physical balance"  and "the calm clear state and luminous mind"; the bhāvanā is a concept to perceive "state of mental development or mental development".

In the philosophical aspect, Buddhist meditation has profound implications as an applied discipline of spiritual philosophy or philosophy of mind.

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Volume 01, Issue 01

Welcome to the  The Journal of Buddhist Studies, a is one of the academic study of Buddhism, a culture of Buddhist gazette brought to you by the editors of The Journal of Buddhist Studies.


Journal of Buddhist Studies

Journal of the U.S. Sangha for Buddhist Studies

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